TAFSEER-SURATUL BAQARAAH
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TAFSEER OF SURATUL BAQARAAH

VERSE: 1
“ALIF LAAM MEEM.” –Allah Ta’ala alone knows of its precise and exact meaning.


VERSE : 2
“This Book (Al-Quraan) there is no doubt in it.”
This Book refers to the Qur'aan, and the word Rayb means a doubt. Thus Allah Ta’ala in this verse clears all doubt with regards to the Qur’aan being from other than him.
The following verse of Suratus Sajdah stresses this point:
(Alif Lam Mim). The revelation of the Book (this Qur'an) in which there is no doubt, is from the Lord of all that exists) (2:1-2).
Some scholars say that the second Ayah of Suratul Baqaraah also carries the possibility of contains a meaning of prohibition which is "Do not doubt the Qur'aan.'' Furthermore, some of the reciters of the Qur'an pause upon reading,
(there is no doubt) and they then continue;
(in which there is guidance for the Muttaqin (the pious and righteous persons). However, it is better to pause at, (in which there is no doubt) because in this case, (guidance) becomes an attribute of the Qur'aan and carries a better meaning than, (in which there is guidance).

GUIDANCE IS GIVEN TO THOSE WHO HAVE TAQWA(THE CONSCIOUSNESS OF ALLAH TA’ALA


Hidayah - correct guidance - is only granted to those who have taqwa - fear of Allah. Allah Ta’ala says,
“Say: It is for those who believe, a guide and a healing. And as for those who disbelieve, there is heaviness (deafness) in their ears, and it (the Qur'aan) is blindness for them. They are those who are called from a place far away (so they neither listen nor understand) (41:44), and in another verse:
“And We send down of the Qur'aan that which is a healing and a mercy to those who believe (in Islamic Monotheism and act on it), and it increases the Zalimin (wrongdoers) in nothing but loss) (17:82).
This is an example of the numerous Ayaat indicating that the believers, in particular, benefit from the Qur'aan. That is because the Qur'aan is in itself a form of guidance, but the guidance in it is only granted to the righteous. In substantiation of this Allah Ta’ala says:
“O mankind! There has come to you a good advice from your Lord (i. e. the Qur'aan, enjoining all that is good and forbidding all that is evil), and a healing for that (disease of ignorance, doubt, hypocrisy and differences) which is in your breasts, ـ a guidance and a mercy (explaining lawful and unlawul things) for the believers) (10:57).
Hadrat Abdullaah Bin Abaas (R.A.) and Hadrat Abdullaah Bin Mas`ud (R.A.) and other Companions of the Messenger of Allah (S.A.W.) said, that guidance for the Muttaqin (the pious and righteous persons), means, a light for those who have Taqwa.

Who are the Muttaqin (Allah Fearing)

Hadrat Abdullaah Bin Abaas (R.A.) has said that they are the believers who avoid Shirk with Allah and who work in His obedience. He has also added that Al-Muttaqin means, those who fear Allah's punishment, which would result if they abandoned the true guidance that they recognize and know. They also hope in Allah's mercy by believing in what He revealed.
(Al-Muttaqin), are those whom Allah has described in His statement;
In Tirmidhi there is a hadeeth that states that the Prophet of Allah (S.A.W.) has said: “The servant will not acquire the status of the Muttaqin until he abandons what is harmless out of fear of falling into that which is harmful.)

There are Two Types of Hidayah (Guidance)


Huda here means the faith that resides in the heart, and only Allah Ta’ala is able to create it in the heart of the servants. The following verses bear testimony to this fact.
“Verily, you (O Muhammad) guide not whom you like.” (28:56),
“Not upon you (Muhammad) is their guidance.” (2:272),
“Whomsoever Allah sends astray, none can guide him.” (7:186), and,
“He whom Allah guides, he is the rightly guided; but he whom He sends astray, for him you will find no Wali (guiding friend) to lead him (to the right path).” (18:17).
Huda also means to explain the truth, give direction and lead to it. Allah Ta’ala says in this regard:
“And verily, you (O Muhammad) are indeed guiding (mankind) to the straight path (i.e. Allah's religion of Islamic Monotheism).” (42: 52). In another verse Allah Ta’ala says:
“You are only a warner, and to every people there is a guide.” (13:7), and,
“And as for Thamud, We showed and made clear to them the path of truth (Islamic Monotheism) through Our Messenger (i.e. showed them the way of success), but they preferred blindness to guidance.” (41:17).
Thus the above verses show that Huda also means explaining the truth and not only the faith that resides in the heart.

Meaning of Taqwa


The root meaning of Taqwa is to avoid what one dislikes. Once Hadrat Umar (R.A.) asked Hadrat Ubayy bin Ka`b (R.A.) about the meaning of Taqwa. He replied, "Have you ever walked on a path that has thorns on it'' Hadrat Umar (R.A.) said, "Yes.'' Hadrat Ubayy (R.A.) said, "What did you do then'' He said, "I rolled up my sleeves and struggled.'' Hadrat Ubayy (R.A.) said, "That is Taqwa.''
VERSE 3.
“Those Who have faith (Imaan) in the Ghayb (The Unseen).”

The Meaning of Imaan


Some scholars say that Imaan is to trust in Allah Ta’ala with regards to that which is hidden from them whilst others have said that it means to fear Allah Ta’ala totally. The preferred view is that they be described as having faith in the Unseen by the tongue, deed and creed. In this case, fear of Allah is included in the general meaning of Imaan, which necessitates following deeds of the tongue by implementation. Hence, Imaan is a general term that includes affirming and believing in Allah, His Books and His Messengers, and realizing this affirmation through adhering to the implications of what the tongue utters and affirms.''

The Meaning of Al-Ghayb


As for the meaning of Ghayb (Unseen) in the verse, scholars have different explanations of it, all of which are correct, indicating the same general meaning.
“Those who have faith in the Ghayb” means that they believe in Allah, His angels, Books, Messengers, the Last Day, His Paradise, Fire and in the meeting with Him. They also believe in life after death and in Resurrection. All of this is the Ghayb referred to in the above verse.
It is reported that Hadrat Abdur-Rahman bin Yazid (R.A.) once who "We were sitting with Hadrat Abdullah bin Mas`ud (R.A.) when we mentioned the Companions of the Prophet (S.A.W.) and their deeds being superior to our deeds. Hadrat Abdullah Bin Mas’ud (R.A.) replied saying, `The matter of Muhammad was clear for those who saw him. By He other than Whom there is no God, no person will ever acquire a better type of faith than believing in Al-Ghayb.' He then recited the following verse:
“Alif Lam Mim. This is the Book, wherein there is no doubt, a guidance for the Muttaqin. Those who believe in the Ghayb), until the verse “They are the successful ones.”
In another hadeeth on the point of believing in the unseen Hadrat Abu Jumu`ah (R.A.) said, "We were with the Messenger of Allah (S.A.W.), ten people including Hadrat Mu`adh bin Jabal (R.A.). We said, "O Messenger of Allah (S.A.W.)! Are there people (after us) who will acquire greater rewards than us? We believed in Allah and followed you.' He (S.A.W.) said,
“What prevents you from doing so, while the Messenger of Allah is among you, bringing you the revelation from heaven There are people who will come after you and who will be given a book between two covers (the Qur'aan), and they will believe in it and implement its commands. They have a greater reward than you, even twice as much.''




 

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