VERSE: 42 AND 43
42. “And mix not truth with falsehood, nor conceal the truth while you know (the truth).)
43. “And perform As-Salah, and give Zakah, and bow down along with Ar-Raki`in.”
The Prohibition of hiding the Truth and distorting It with Falsehood

In the above verses Allah Ta’ala forbade the Jews from intentionally distorting the truth with falsehood and from hiding the truth and spreading falsehood. He commanded them thus,
“And mix not truth with falsehood, nor conceal the truth while you know (the truth)”.
Thus in the above verse the prohibition is from two things; He ordered them to make the truth known, as well as explaining it for those who still faced uncertainty.
Other scholars have written that the verse means “Do not mix the truth with falsehood and the facts with lies, thereby adding confusion to the issue at hand. From the religion point of view Allah Ta’ala indirectly says to them not to mix Judaism and Christianity with Islam for Islam is the only religion now accepted by Allah Ta’ala. All other previous religions besides having become fraught with lies and fabrications and inconsistencies were innovations which did not come from Allah Ta’ala in the first place. “while you know the truth” means that the religion of Allah is Islam, and that Judaism and Christianity are innovations that did not come from Allah. “nor conceal the truth while you know (the truth).” This address was directed to the Jews who already were knowledgeable of the coming of the final Messenger of Allah Ta’ala i.e. Muhammad sallallaahu alaihi wa salam by way of the Torah wherein this was mentioned. Not only was his coming mentioned in the Torah but also a description was given to them. Therefore Allah Ta’ala warns them that after knowing the truth, hiding it is even a greater sin.

It is also possible that this verse means, "..although you know the tremendous harm that this evil will cause people, misguiding them and leading them to the Fire, because they will follow the falsehood that you mixed with the truth in your claims.''
“And perform As-Salat and give Zakah, and bow down along with Ar-Raki`in.”
In the above verse the command to perform salaah and pay zakaah is given to the Jews.
“and bow down along with Ar-Raki`in” Here Allah commands them to bow down with those who bow down from among the Ummah of Muhammad Sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam. Allah therefore commands the People of the Book to be with, and among the Ummah of Muhammad. On the same verse other scholars have written that this verse means, "And be among the believers performing the best deeds they perform, the best amongst these is the prayer or salaah. Many scholars said that this Ayah is proof for the obligation of performing the prayer in congregation (for men only).

“Do you enjoin Al-Birr (piety and righteousness and every act of obedience to Allah) on the people and you forget (to practise it) yourselves, while you recite the Scripture (Tawrah)! Have you then no sense?”
The Condemnation of commanding Others to observe Righteousness while forgetting Righteousness upon oneself. Allah says to the Jews and Christians, "How is it, O People of the Book, that you command people to perform Al-Birr, which encompasses all types of righteousness, yet forget yourselves and do not heed what you call others to And you read Allah's Book (the Tawrah) and know what it promises to those who do not fulfil Allah's commandments.
(Have you then no sense) of what you are doing to yourselves, so that you might become aware of your slumber and restore your sight from blindness'’
The Children of Israel (Bani Israaeel) used to command people to obey Allah, fear Him and perform Al-Birr. Yet, they contradicted these orders, so Allah reminded them of this fact by this verse. So whoever commands people to do righteousness, should be among the first of them to implement righteousness or else this is nothing but hypocrisy and double standards. And then do as I do is more effective than do as I say. People need role models who are practical in what they preach or else the preaching falls on deaf ears. Although this verse was revealed for the Jews and Christians it is of great significance in our current lives when we find many who preach but don’t practice what they preach.

And you forget yourselves”, means, "You forget to practice it yourselves,
“While you recite the Scripture (Tawrah)! Have you then no sense” You forbid the people from rejecting the prophethood and the covenant that you have mentioned with you in the Tawrah, while you yourselves have forgotten it, meaning that `you have forgotten the covenant that I (ALLAH) made with you that you will accept My Messenger. You have breached My covenant, and rejected what you know is in My Book.'
Therefore, Allah admonished the Jews for this behaviour and alerted them to the wrongs that they were perpetrating against themselves by ordering righteousness, yet refraining themselves from righteousness. We should state that Allah is not criticizing the People of the Book for ordering righteousness, because enjoining good is a part of righteousness and is an obligation for the scholars. However, the scholar is himself required to heed, and adhere to, what he invites others to. Prophet Shu`ayb Alayhis salaam said and this is mentioned in the Qur’aan: “I wish not, in contradiction to you, to do that which I forbid you. I only desire reform to the best of my power. And my guidance cannot come except from Allah, in Him I trust and unto Him I repent”. (Surah 11, verse 88).

Therefore, enjoining righteousness and performing righteousness are both necessary. Neither category is rendered dispensable by the practice of the other. Together they form a powerful tool of propagation of Islam. But if done in isolation from one another the act loses its full effect.
Once Hadrat Abu Wa'il Radiyallaahu anhu said, "While I was riding behind Usamah, he was asked, `Why not advise `Uthman' He said, `Do you think that if I advise him I should allow you to hear it. I advise him in secret, and I will not start something that I would hate to be the first to start. I will not say to a man, `You are the best man,' even if he was my leader, after what I heard from the Messenger of Allah.' They said, `What did he say' He said, `I heard him say, “A man will be brought on the Day of Resurrection and thrown in the Fire. His intestines will fall out and he will continue circling them while pulling them behind him, just as the donkey goes around the pole. The people of the Fire will go to that man and ask him, `What happened to you did you not used to command us to do righteous acts and forbid us from committing evil' He will say, `Yes. I used to enjoin righteousness, but refrained from performing righteousness, and I used to forbid you to perform from evil while I myself did it.''' (Bukhaari) Hadrat Ibrahim An-Nakha`i said, "I hesitate in advising people and I am very reluctant thereof because of three verses of the Qur’aan. These verses are: “Enjoin you Al-Birr on the people and you forget (to practise it) yourselves”. "O you who believe! Why do you say that which you do not do Most hateful it is to Allah that you say that which you do not do” (Surah 61, verses 2-3).''
And the verse wherein Nabi Shuaib Alaihis salaam said: “I wish not, in contradiction to you, to do that which I forbid you. I only desire reform to the best of my power. And my guidance cannot come except from Allah, in Him I trust and unto Him I repent” (Surah 11, verse 88).


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