LESSONS FROM SURAH YUSUF-Continued from the previous issue.

LESSONS FROM SURAH YUSUF-Continued from the previous issue.

  1. Whenever a believer sees a situation that might be one of fitnah or cause of sin, he should flee from it as far as possible to save himself from sin. This happens by default when Imaan is at its purest form.

  2. Nabi Yusuf Alaihis salaam was beautiful both externally and internally. As for his external beauty, it made the king’s wife desirous of him and it made the other women cut their hands while proclaiming, “How perfect is Allah (or Allah forbid)! This is not a man but a noble angel!" His internal beauty was because of his great chastity and self-restraint in spite of the many enticements there were to commit sin. This is why the king’s wife said, “I did seek to seduce him, but he refused.”

  3. When there is a atmosphere for sin, a believer should always seek refuge in Allah and distance himself from his own base desires as Nabi Yusuf Alaihis Salaam said, “Unless You turn away their plot from me, I will feel inclined towards them and be one (of those who commit sin and deserve blame) of the ignorant.”

  4. Knowledge and intelligence leads one who possesses it to do good acts and prevents him from evil. Ignorance on the other hand, calls the one who is ignorant to conform to his desires, even if it is harmful to him.

  5. Just as the believer worships Allah during times of ease, similarly he should also worship him during times of hardship. Nabi Yusuf Alaihis Salaam did exactly this. In adversity he called out unto Allah and remained on His path. When he was cast into prison he continued with dawah. He called the two young men to Tawheed and he warned them against shirk (ascribing partners to Allah).

  6. Hence, from his quick-wittedness he saw that they were responsive to his dawah, whereby they said to him, “We think you are one of the Muhsinun (doers of good).” So this was a golden opportunity for dawah that he seized by calling them to Allah before interpreting their dreams so his goal (of calling them to Islaam) would be more fruitful. Thus, firstly he made it clear to them that what they notice of him from his noble character and in-depth knowledge is all a result belief in Allah and singling him out for worship (Tawheed), and he abandoned the path of those who do not believe in Allah and the last day. So he first gave them dawah through his actions, then he gave them dawah by his speech illustrating to them the corruption of shirk and the reality of Tahwheed. And then when He rose to the rank of governor of Egypt he continued on the same path.

  7. The importance of priorities. For when he was asked by the two young men to interpret their dreams, there were other matters of importance that they were in greater need of knowing before their questions were to be answered. This is a sign of a teacher possessing great intelligence, and the ability to correctly guide and teach, for when Nabi Yusuf Alaihis Salaam was asked by the two young men about their dreams he first called them to Allah before interpreting their dreams. For him their Imaan was more important than the interpretation of their dreams.

  8. It is not considered wrong depending on others (instead of Allah), if one happens to get into a difficult situation and one seeks the assistance of someone whom he thinks can alleviate his situation, for this person there is no blame on him if he does this. This is because it has always been the custom of people to seek each others assistance in such matters. Hence, Nabi Yusuf Alaihis Salaam said to the one whom he knew would be saved, "Mention me to your lord (i.e. your king, so as to get me out of the prison)."

  9. The one who teaches should always try to have complete sincerity when he teaches, and he should not use his position as a means to obtain wealth, status or personal benefit. Furthermore, he should not withhold from spreading knowledge or giving advice even if the one whom he taught or advised did not do what he (the teacher) requested. For indeed Nabi Yusuf Alaihis Salaam advised one of the young men to mention his situation to the king, but he forgot and did not mention him. However, when the time came when he was in need of him, he sent someone to get Nabi Yusuf Alaihis Salaam. In spite of this, Nabi Yusuf Alaihis Salaam did not chastise him for forgetting to mention his situation to the king, rather he gave him a complete answer to his question.

  10. There is no blame on a person for defending himself against a false accusation. Rather this is something praiseworthy. As Nabi Yusuf Alaihis Salaam refused to leave the prison until his innocence was proven.

  11. Dream interpretation is a branch of the Islamic sciences, and a person is rewarded for studying and teaching it. Dream interpretation also comes under category of giving fataawa, for he said to the two young men, “Thus is the case judged concerning which you both did inquire.” (tas’taftiyaan - sought a fatwa) The king said, “Explain (aftoonee – give me a fatwa) of my dream”, and the young man said to Yusuf, “Explain to us (aftinaa – give us a fatwa) regarding (the dream) of seven fat cows.” Thus, it is not permissible to interpret dreams except with (shari’ah) knowledge.

  12. As long as a person is not pretentious or dishonest, he should not be criticized if one informs others about his praiseworthy qualities, if he intends by this to bring about a general benefit based on the statement of Yusuf, "Set me over the storehouses of the land; I will indeed guard them with full knowledge." Likewise, leadership is not something that is blameworthy if the one who is in charge fulfils the rights of Allah and the rights of His servants to the best of his ability.

  13. Allah is very generous to his servants by giving them the best of this life and the next. The means of achieving the best of the next life is by having Imaan and taqwa. The servant should always ask Allah for his rewards and bounties and he should not be disappointed whenever he sees the people enjoying the pleasures of this world whereby he is unable to partake. Rather he should ask Allah for His great reward and bounties in the next life based on His statement, “And verily, the reward of the Hereafter is better for those who believe and used to fear Allah and keep their duty to Him.”

  14. It is from the “sunnah” of the prophets to host guests and treat them honourably based on the statement of Nabi Yusuf Alaihis Salaam, “See you not that I give full measure, and that I am the best of the hosts?”

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