By: Salim Badat



By Salim Badat-


There are often different types of attackers. Some choose to rob or rape, whereas others instigate gratuitous violence for no reason other then sheer malice.

All attackers are alike in two ways: their attacks are unsolicited, and they have absolutely no regard for human life. They attack indiscriminately often even in highly populated areas where the frightened and seemingly unsympathetic general public hide behind a veil of apathy “I don’t want to get involved” or “it’s none of my business” witnesses of violence who fail to intervene often explain.

So if you do find yourself being attacked, don’t count on any help from passerby, because more often than not, that is exactly what they will do: pass you by.
Attackers are looking for victims, people who are in code white or detached from the herd.

Most attacks are preceded by stalking or attempts to entrap victims through dialogue. The dialogue is often refered to as the “interview’.

The most important element for you to be aware of is the concept of the four D’s :

Dialogue, Deception, Distraction and Destruction.

Dialogue-Dialogue is designed to disarm the victim. An attacker will often ask a question such as directions or the time. His objective is to get you thinking about the question so that you will not notice his weapon or his accomplices who are surrounding you.

Deception-An attacker uses deception to make himself appear harmless. Dialogue and appearance are two of the most common means of deceiving victims. The most dangerous attackers do not stand out in a crowd. Their manner is usually polite, so that you will let down your guard.

Distraction- is part of deception and usually it is manifested through dialogue. The attacker may distract the victim by asking to see the road map next to her and then open the unlocked door. While the victim is engaged at looking at the map that the attacker has pointed to, she experiences a blind second, and this is when the assailant strikes.

Destruction-After the attacker has deceived his victim through dialogue and other distracting measures, the final step is destruction. Few survive the first blow, and most are out of the game before they realize that they are in it.


The following are the muggers ritualistic steps

Victim selection-The ideal victim is in code white, daydreaming or detached from the herd. The attacker favours deserted areas however people are not safe in highly populated areas such as malls or busy streets.

Victim stalking-After selecting his victim the attacker follows his victim and strikes when the victim lowers her guard by putting the shopping bags in the trunk of her car, and though it may be for only a second, that is all an attacker needs.

Assessment-If the mugger feels that the chosen victim has suddenly switched on (condition yellow) he will often abort. If the victim is still switched off he will engage the attack while the victim is engaged in answering the disarming question.

Threatened attack-The mugger will often verbally threaten the victim . The threats will cause the victim to freeze.

Actual attack-The mugger may use a physical attack, creating compliance through disablement. Some muggers will initiate an attack to disable the victim before stealing his belongings. Sometimes the attack will be minimal and sometimes frenzied and severe.


Defending against an attack

First response: escape. With all attack scenarios, your first response should be that of escape.

Second response: verbal confrontation. Tell the attacker to leave you alone. This may need reiterating several times. Shout or scream to attract attention from passerby.

Third response: physical confrontation. If the attacker remains but displays no weapon, move on to physical confrontation. If the attacker does have a weapon use verbal dissuasion to engage the attacker in conversation and set the scene to escape.

Fourth response: non confrontational verbal. If the aggression abates but escape is still not an option, attempt to engage the attacker in conversation and set the scene for possible escape. If the attacker counters with greater violence, try to talk the attacker down from his rage.

Fifth response: escalated physical confrontation. if the aggression does not abate and the attack continues, the victim should use anything and everything at his disposal to incapacitate the attacker and avoid further serious assault.


If you can’t summon the courage to be aggressive feign submissiveness and, when the attacker seems at his most vunerable, attack preemptively to his most vunerable areas: eyes, throat etc and then run.


Every good and excellent thing in the world stands moment by moment on the razor’s edge of danger and must be fought for whether it’s our country, property, family, health or personal safety. The key to survival is confidence. And self defence awareness is second to none when it comes to confidence and personal survival.”

Salim conducts combative workshops once a month.


Salim Badat

Chief instructor

ATAC-Affiliated Tactical Academy Of Combat


Instagram -Salim_badat

Salim has a program called way of the warrior at 3pm on Saturday on Radio al Ansaar.

Tune in to get the latest tips on self protection

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