TAFSEER OF SURATUL BAQARAH
By:

TAFSEER OF SURATUL BAQARAH

VERSE: 105

Neither those who disbelieve among the People of the Scripture (Jews and Christians) nor Al-Mushrikeen (the idolaters) like that there should be sent down unto you any good from your Lord. But Allah chooses for His mercy whom He wills. And Allah is the Owner of great bounty.”

The extreme Enmity that the Disbelievers and the People of the Book have against Muslims

In the above verse Allah Taala describes the deep seated enmity that the disbelieving polytheists and People of the Scripture, whom Allah Taala has warned us against imitating, have against the believers, so that Muslims should sever all friendship with them. And then as a consolation and comfort to Nabi Sallallaahu Alaihi Wa Sallam and his ummah Allah Taala mentions His great boon and favour when He gave them the perfect Law that He legislated for their Prophet Muhammad Sallallaahu Alaihi Wa Sallam when He says:

But Allah chooses for His mercy whom He wills. And Allah is the Owner of great bounty. (Surah 2,verse: 105)

VERSE: 106

Whatever a verse (revelation) do Nansakh (We abrogate) or Nunsiha (cause to be forgotten), We bring a better one or similar to it. Know you not that Allah is Able to do all things.

VERSE: 107

Know you not that it is Allah to Whom belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth And besides Allah you have neither any Wali (protector or guardian) nor any helper.

The Meaning of Naskh

In the verse above Allah Taala deals with the concept of Naskh which basically means to cancel or abrogate. In context of Islamic law it means the abrogation of a law with or without a new replacement of the abrogated one. Scholars have written that in this verse Naskh means."Whatever ruling we repeal in an Ayah by making the previously unlawful now lawful and the previously lawful now unlawful allowed.'' The Nasakh only occurs with commandments, prohibitions, permissions, and so forth. As for stories, they do not undergo Naskh. The meaning of Naskh in the case of commandments is removing the commandment and replacing it by another. And whether the Naskh involves the wordings, the ruling or both, it is still called Naskh.

"Whatever a verse (revelation) do We abrogate or cause to be forgotten "

Allah made His Prophet forget what He willed and He abrogated what He willed.

Thereafter Allah Taala says,

We bring a better one or similar to it

This means that We bring forth a more beneficial ruling, that is also easier for you.

In verse 107 Allah Taala directs His servants to the fact that He alone is the Owner of His creation and that He does with them as He wills. Indeed, His is the supreme authority and all creation is His, and just as He created them as He wills, He brings happiness to whom He wills, misery to whom He wills, health to whom He wills and sickness to whom He wills. He also brings success to whom He wills and failure to whom He wills. He judges between His servants as He wills, allows what He wills and disallows what He wills. He decides what He wills, there is no opponent for His judgment, and no one can question Him about what He does, while they shall be questioned. In this context He tests His servants and their obedience to His Messengers by the Naskh. He commands a matter containing a benefit which He knows of, and then He out of His wisdom, prohibits it. Hence, perfect obedience is attained by adhering to His commands, following His Messengers, believing in whatever they convey, implementing their commands and avoiding what they prohibit.

These verses contain tremendous benefit and prove that the Jews are disbelievers and they refute their claim that Naskh does not occur. (May the curse of Allah Taala be upon them) In ignorance and arrogance they claimed that the sound mind stipulates that Naskh does not occur. Some of them falsely claimed that there are divine texts that dismiss the possibility that Naskh occurred.

Imam Abu Ja`far bin Jarir said, "The Ayah means, `Do you not know, O Muhammad, that I alone own the heavens and the earth and that I decide whatever I will in them I forbid whatever I will, change and repeal whatever I will of My previous rulings, whenever I will. I also uphold whatever I will.''

Although Allah Taala directs the verse indicating His greatness towards His Prophet, He also rejected the lies of the Jews who denied that the rulings of the Torah could undergo Naskh. The Jews also denied the prophethood of Jesus and Muhammad, because of their dislike for what they brought from Allah Taala, such as changing some rulings of the Torah, He commanded. Allah Tala thus proclaimed to the Jews that He owns the heavens and earth and also all authority in them. Further, the subjects in Allah Taalas kingdom are His creation, and they are required to hear and obey His every command and prohibition. He has full authority to command the creation as He wills, forbidding them from what He wills, abrogate what He wills, uphold what He wills, and decide whatever commandments and prohibitions He wills.'' All this can be done at any given point in time.

The Jews refutal of the occurrence of Naskh is only a case of their disbelief and rebellion. The sound mind does not deny that there could be a Naskh in Allah Taalas commandments, for He decides what He wills, just as He does what He wills. Further, Naskh occurred in previous Books and Law. For example Allah Ta’ala allowed Hadrat Adam Alaihis Salaam to marry his daughters to his sons and then later forbade this practice. Allah Ta’ala also allowed Hadrat Nuh Alaihis Salaam to eat from all kinds of animals after they left the ark, then prohibited eating some types of foods. Further, two sisters marrying one man was allowed for the Bani Israeel, but Allah Taala prohibited this practice later in the Torah. Allah Taala commanded Hadrat Ebrahim Alaihis Salaam to slaughter his son, then repealed that command before it was implemented. Allah Taala commanded the Children of Israel to kill those who worshipped the calf and then repealed that command, so that the Children of Israel were not all exterminated. There are many other instances that the Jews admit have occurred, yet they chose to ignore them. Also, it is a well-known fact that their Books foretold about Muhammad and contained the command to follow him. These texts, in their Books, indicate that the Jews were required to follow the Prophet Muhammad Sallallaahu Alaihi Wa Sallam and that no good deed would be accepted from them, unless it conformed to Muhammad' Sallallaahu Alaihi Wa Sallams Law. The Prophet Sallallaahu Alaihi Wa Sallam brought another Book, - the Qur'aan -, which is the last revelation from Allah Taala and this too they refused to follow.

 

Leave a Comment

Please login to write comment.

Comments

There is no comments for this article.