TAFSEER OF SURATUL BAQARAAH
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TAFSEER OF SURATUL BAQARAAH

VERSE: 108

Or do you want to ask your Messenger (Muhammad ) as Musa (Moses) was asked before (i.e. show us openly our Lord) And he who changes faith for disbelief, verily, he has gone astray from the right way.”

The Prohibition of Unnecessary Questions

Many people under the guise of seeking knowledge question excessively and want to know minutest details on a subject. This is the plot of shaytaan where he makes one believe in the goodness or benefit of something whilst in reality it hold more detriment to them. Sometimes even questions on events which have still not occurred are raised. With this these questions become even more irrelevant. This is frowned upon in Islam.

n the above verse, Allah Ta’ala indirectly forbids the believers from asking the Prophet Sallallaahu Alaihi Wa Sallam numerous questions about matters that did not occur yet. In another verse the prohibition is direct. Allah Ta’ala says:

O you who believe! Ask not about things which, if made plain to you, may cause you trouble. But if you ask about them while the Qur'aan is being revealed, they will be made plain to you.” (Surah 5, verse: 101).

This verse means, "If you ask about a matter after it is revealed, it shall be duly explained to you. Therefore, do not ask about matters that have not occurred yet, for they might become prohibited, due to your questions. In a hadeeth of saheeh Muslim it is reported that the Prophet Sallallaahu Alaihi Wa Sallam has said:

The greatest criminal among the Muslims is the one who asks if a thing is prohibited, which is not prohibited, and it becomes prohibited because of his asking about it.”

This is why when the Messenger of Allah was asked about a husband who finds another man with his wife; if he exposes the adultery, he will be exposing a major incident; if he is quiet about it, he will be quiet about a major matter. The Messenger of Allah did not like such questions. Later on, Allah Ta’ala revealed the ruling of Mula`anah which gave clear directions on the issue ﴿Refer to Surah Nur, verses: 6-9 in the Qur'aan

In Bukhaari and Muslim the Prophet Sallallaahu Alaihi Wa Sallam is reported to have said:

Leave me as I leave you; those before you were only destroyed because of their excessive questioning and disputing with their Prophets. Therefore, when I command you with a matter, adhere to it as much as you can, and when I forbid from something, avoid it.”

The Prophet Sallallaahu Alaihi Wa Sallam only said this after he told the Companions that Allah Ta’ala has ordered them to perform Hajj. A man asked, "Every year, O Messenger of Allah'' The Prophet Sallallaahu Alaihi Wa Sallam did not answer him indicating his displeasure, but he repeated his question three times. Then the Prophet Sallallaahu Alaihi Wa Sallam said,

No. Had I said yes, it would have been ordained, and you would not have been able to implement it.”

This is why Hadrat Anas bin Malik Radiyallaahu Anhu said, "We were forbidden from asking the Messenger of Allah about things going too deeply into the matter. So we were delighted when a bedouin man would come and ask him while we listened.''

In the verse below again Allah Ta’ala alludes to the dislike of excessive questioning. The verse reads:

Or do you want to ask your Messenger (Muhammad) as Musa was asked before (i.e. show us openly our Lord) And he who changes faith for disbelief, verily, he has gone astray from the right way”.

Allah criticized those who ask the Messenger of Allah about a certain matter just for the purpose of being difficult, just as the Children of Israel asked Musa out of stubbornness, rejection and rebellion.

VERSE 109

Many of the People of the Scripture (Jews and Christians) wish that they could turn you away as disbelievers after you have believed, out of envy from their own selves, even after the truth (that Muhammad is Allah's Messenger) has become manifest unto them. But forgive and overlook, till Allah brings His command. Verily, Allah is able to do all things.”

VERSE: 110

And perform the Salah and give the Zakah, and whatever of good you send forth for yourselves before you, you shall find it with Allah. Certainly, Allah is the Seer of what you do.”

The Prohibition of following the Ways of the People of the Book

n the above verses Allah Ta’ala warns His believing servants against following the ways of the People of Book (Jews and Christians), who publicly and secretly harbour enmity and hatred for the believers, and who envy the believers, while they fully recognize the virtue of the believers and their Prophet. Allah

Ta’ala also commands His believing servants to forgive them and to be patient with them, until He delivers His aid and victory to them (The Muslims). Thereafter Allah Ta’ala commands the believers to perform the prayer perfectly, to pay the Zakah and He encouraged them to preserve the practice of these righteous deeds for in these lie untold benefit to the ummah especially in the face of difficulties regardless of their size or magnitude.

In another report concerning the verse it is narrated that Ka`b bin Al-Ashraf, who was a Jew and a poet, used to criticize the Prophet in his poems as a result this verse was revealed.

Hadrat Abdullaah Bin Abbaas Radiyallaahu Anhu has written that an unlettered Messenger came to the People of the Scriptures confirming what they have in their own Books about the Messengers and the Ayat of Allah Ta’ala. He also believes in all of this, just as they believe in it. Yet, they rejected the Prophet out of disbelief, envy and transgression. This is why Allah Ta’ala said,

out of envy from their own selves, even after the truth (that Muhammad is Allah's Messenger) has become manifest unto them.”

Allah Ta’ala said that after He illuminated the truth for them, which they were not ignorant of any of it, yet their envy made them deny the Prophet. Thus Allah Ta’ala criticized, chastised and denounced them.'' Allah legislated the characteristics that His Prophet and the believers should adhere to: belief, faith and accepting what Allah revealed to them and to those before them out of His generosity and tremendous kindness.

At the end of the verse Allah Ta’ala commands the Muslims to overlook and forgive them with the words: “But forgive and overlook, till Allah brings His command.”

However it must be borne in mind that this verse was abrogated by the verse:

Then kill the Mushrikin wherever you find them.” (Surah 9, verse: 5), and,

Fight against those who believe not in Allah, nor in the Last Day) (Surah 9, verse: 29) until, (And feel themselves subdued) (9:29).

Thus the Messenger of Allah Sallallaahu Alaihi Wa Sallam used to forgive them and was patient with them as Allah Ta’ala ordered him, until Allah Ta’ala Himself thereafter issued the command of now fighting them. Allah Ta’ala destroyed those who He decreed to be killed among the strong men of Quraysh, by the Prophet's forces.

 

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