SOME QURBAANI RULES!
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SOME QURBAANI RULES!

The Meat and Skin of the Udhiya Animal

1) It is allowed for the one performing Udhiya to either eat off the meat or give it to whomsoever he pleases, rich or poor, Muslim or non-Muslim. It is preferable, however, that the meat is divided into three parts: One part for the home, one part for relatives and friends, and one part for the poor and needy. It must be noted however that should one decide to keep all the meat for oneself than there is no harm in this although distribution of at least two thirds is the more preferred option.

2) The meat or skin of the animal cannot be sold, or given to an employee or butcher in payment of his labour. It may be given as a gift. The skin of the Udhiya animal can be kept for personal use or given to anyone else for their personal use. If the skin is sold, it is necessary to give the money accrued in charity as Sadaqah.

3) It is not permissible to eat the meat of the following types of sacrifices:

a) Sacrifice that is carried out as expiation (kaffara) for a mistake committed during Hajj.

b) Sacrifice carried out for a deceased person due to his bequest (wasiyya).

c) Sacrifice carried out due to a vow (nazr).

The meat of the above-mentioned 3 types of sacrifices must be distributed to the poor and needy only unlike the meat of qurbaani which can be distributed to the wealthy also.

Distribution of the Meat

If an animal is sacrificed on behalf of more than one person, like a cow or camel, its meat should be divided equally among its owners based on weight, and not randomly or by mere conjecture. Even if all the partners agree on its distribution without weighing, it is still not permissible according to Shariah.

However, if the actual weighing is not practicable due to some reason, and all the partners agree to divide the meat without weighing, distribution by guess can be done with the condition that each share necessarily contains either a leg of the animal or some quantity of its liver.

No Alternative for Udhiya

Some people think that instead of offering a ritual slaughter (Udhiya), they can give its amount to the poor as charity. This attitude is totally wrong. In fact, there are different forms of worship obligatory on Muslims. Each one of them has its own importance and none of them can stand for the other. It is not permissible for a Muslim to perform Salah instead of fasting in Ramadaan, nor is it permissible to give some charity instead of observing the obligatory Salah. Similarly, Udhiya is an independent form of worship and cannot be discharged by merely spending money in charity. This defeats the essence of Qurbaani.

However, if an individual, out of ignorance or negligence, could not offer it on the three prescribed days (10th, 11th and 12th of Dhu’l-Hijjah) then, in that case only, he can give the price of a ritual slaughter (Udhiya) as Sadaqah to those entitled to receive Zakat. But during the days of Udhiya, no Sadaqa can discharge this obligation.

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