VIRTUES AND WARNINGS OF ‘QURBANI’ (UDHIYAH)
The virtues and warnings of ‘Udhiya’ or Qurbaani are established from the following ‘Ahadeeth’ (Traditions of the Prophet Sallallaahu Alaihi Wa Sallam).
Hadrat Anas Radiyallaahu Anhu reported that the Messenger of Allah Sallallaahu Alaihi Wa Sallam sacrificed with his own hands, two white rams with black markings. He took the name of Allah and recited ‘Takbir’. Hadrat Anas Radiyallaahu Anhu states that he saw him putting his foot upon their buttocks and saying: "In the name of Allah. And Allah is the greatest".(Saheeh Bukhari and Muslim)
Note: We learn from this Hadeeth that one should try to make sacrifice with his own hands. If the Prophet Sallallaahu Alaihi Wa Sallam could do the sacrifice by his own blessed hands at the age of sixty, why can’t our young generation follow in his footsteps? If one cannot do so, he should at least be present at the time of slaughter.
Hadrat Jabir Radiyallaahu Anhu reported that the Messenger of Allah Sallallaahu Alaihi Wa Sallam slaughtered on the day of sacrifice two horned, white and black castrated rams. When he faced them towards the Qibla, he said: "Verily I turn my face towards the One who created the heavens and the earth, upon the religion of Ebrahim Alaihis Sallaam, being upright, and I am not one of the polytheists. Verily my prayer, my life and my death are all for Allah, the Lord of the worlds. There is no partner with him and I have been ordered that, and I am one of the Muslims. O Allah, it is Thine and for Thee, from Muhammad (S.A.W.) and his Ummah: In the name of Allah. Allah is the greatest". He then slaughtered the rams.(Ahmed, Abu Dawood, Ibni Maajah)
Hadrat Ayesha Radiyallaahu Anha reports that the Apostle of Allah Sallallaahu Alaihi Wa Sallam said, "The son of Adam does not perform any actions on the day of sacrifice which is more pleasing to Allah than the shedding of blood. He will come on the day of resurrection with its hair, horns and hooves, and the blood certainly will fall in a place near Allah before it falls on the ground. So, make yourselves purified there with.(Tirmizi, Ibni Maajah)
HadratZaid bin Arkam Radiyallaahu Anhu reports that the Companions of Rasulullah Sallallaahu Alaihi Wa Sallam asked him: " O Rasulullah, what is this sacrifice?" He said: "it is the way of your fore father Ibrahim Alaihis Salaam." They asked: what (reward) is for us therein?" He replied: "There is a reward for every hair (i.e. the reward for meat and useful parts of the animal’s body will be very lofty in merit, but there will also be a great reward for the parts which are useless and thrown away such as the hair)."
They asked: "For the wool, O Rasulullah?" He replied: "There is one reward for every strand of wool."(Ahmed, Ibni Maajah)
The Ibaadah of Qurbaani is among the Shi’aar (distinguishing features) of Islam. Such importance has been accorded to Qurbaani that a severe warning was issued to those who shirk in performing it despite having the means. It is reported from Hadrat Abu Hurairah Radiyallaahu Anhu that Rasulullah Sallallaahu Alaihi Wa Sallam said:
“He who has the means and does not perform Qurbaani, he should not approach our musallah (eid gah/place of performing Eid Salaah)” ( Ibni Maajah).
This Hadeeth clearly describes the great importance that Rasulullah Sallallaahu Alaihi Wa Sallam attached to Qurbaani. We can truly appreciate the full impact of this Hadeeth if we ponder for a moment what a tremendous blessing it was to perform a single Salaah behind Rasulullah Sallallaahu Alaihi Wa Sallam. Here Rasulullah Sallallaahu Alaihi Wa Sallam is prohibiting the person who failed to perform Qurbaani, despite having the means, from performing the Eid Salaah behind him. This, then, illustrates the tremendous importance of Qurbaani in Islam and the reprehensible position of those who ignore this injunction. Hence no true Muslim who has the means will ever omit performing the Qurbaani deliberately.