TAFSEER OF SURATUL BAQARAAH
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TAFSEER OF SURATUL BAQARAAH

VERSE: 114

And who are more unjust than those who present that Allah's Name be mentioned (i.e. prayers and invocations) in Allah's Masjids and strive for their ruin It was not fitting that such should themselves enter them (Allah's Masjids) except in fear. For them there is disgrace in this world, and they will have a great torment in the Hereafter.”

The above verse was revealed with regards to the Quraysh (idolators) who hindered the people from the Masjids of Allah Ta’ala and who strove to destroy them.

The Quraysh prevented the Prophet Sallallaahu Alaihi Wa sallam from entering Makkah from Al-Hudaybiyyah, until he slaughtered the Hadi (animal for sacrifice) at Dhi-Tuwa. He then agreed to a peace treaty with them and said to them, (No one before has ever prevented people from entering the House of Allah. One would even see the killer of his father and brother, but would not prevent him (from entering the House of Allah).) They said, "Whoever killed our fathers at Badr, shall never enter it while there is one of us alive.

After Allah chastised the Jews and Christians, He also criticized the idolators who expelled the Messenger of Allah Sallallaahu Alaihi Wa Sallam and his Companions from Makkah, preventing them from performing their salaah in Masjidul Haraam, which they kept exclusively for their idols and polytheism.

In another verse, on this misguided act of theirs, Allah Ta’ala says:

And why should not Allah punish them while they hinder (men) from Masjid ul Haraam, and they are not its guardians None can be its guardians except those who are Muttaqun (the pious), but most of them know not.” (Surah 8, verse:34)

In another verse clarifying the qualities of those who are worthy of administrating the affairs of the Houses of Allah Ta’ala He says:

"It is not for the Mushrikin (polytheists), to maintain the Masjids of Allah while they witness against their own selves of disbelief. The works of such are in vain and in the Fire shall they abide. The Masjids of Allah shall be maintained only by those who believe in Allah and the Last Day; perform the Salah, and give the Zakah and fear none but Allah. It is they who are on true guidance. “(Surah 9, verses:17-18)

In the above verse Allah Ta’ala legislates that only those believers who possess the qualities mentioned in the verse are worthy of maintaining the Masaajid of Allah. Even though this verse was revealed on account of the actions of the Mushrikeen it will apply even today as the Qur’aan and its message is not restricted to any period of time but it is for all times. When we look at the administrators of Masaajid today do we find the above qualities in all of them? Maintaining the Masaajid not only means beautifying them, but it involves remembering Allah, establishing His Shari`ah in them and purifying them from the filth of Shirk and everything which the Qur’aan and Sunnah holds in contempt.

Scholars have written that verse 114 also carried glad tidings for the Muslims from Allah Ta’ala that He will soon allow them to take over Masjidul Haraam and all other Masaajid and disgrace the idolators. Soon after, the Ayah instructs that no idolator shall enter the House of Allah, except out of fear of being seized or killed, unless he embraces Islam. Later on Allah Ta’ala decreed that idolators not be allowed to enter Masjidul Haraam ever again. This law was passed with the verse:

O you who believe! (in Allah's Oneness and in His Messenger Muhammad)! Verily, the Mushrikun (idolators) are Najasun (impure). So let them not come near Al-Masjid-Al-Haram (at Makkah) after this year.” (Surah 9, verse:28).

The Messenger of Allah Sallallaahu Alaihi Wa Sallam stated that no two religions should remain in the Arabian Peninsula, and therefore the Jews and Christians should be expelled from it. This instruction of the Prophet Sallallaahu Alaihi Wa Sallam ensured that the honour and sanctity of Masjidul Haraam was preserved and maintained at all times.

This Ayah also describes the disgrace that the disbelievers earn in this life, and that the punishment comes in a form comparable to the deed. Just as they prevented the believers from entering Musjidul Haraam they were prevented from entering it in turn. Just as they expelled the believers from Makkah, they were in turn expelled from Makkah. This is the system of Allah Ta’ala where what you do today of evil will come back to you tomorrow.

And then in the hereafter another more severe punishment would meet them because they breached the sanctity of the House of Allah and brought filth in it by erecting idols all around it, invoking other than Allah and performing Tawaf around it while naked, etc.

Here it is worth mentioning the Hadith about seeking refuge from disgrace in this life and the torment of the Hereafter. The Messenger of Allah Sallallaahu Alaihi Wa Sallam used to make the following Dua:

O Allah! Make our end better in all affairs, and save us from disgrace in this life and the torment of the Hereafter.”

 VERSE: 115

And to Allah belong the east and the west, so wherever you turn (yourselves or your faces) there is the Countenance of Allah (and He is High above, over His Throne). Surely, Allah is Sufficient (for His creatures' needs), Knowing.”

Facing the Qiblah (Direction of the Prayer)

The ruling in the above verse brought untold comfort and immense joy to the Messenger of Allah Sallallaahu Alaihi Wa Sallam and his Companions, who were driven out of Makkah and had to depart from the area of Masjidul Haraam. In Makkah, the Messenger of Allah Sallallaahu Alaihi Wa sallam used to perform salaah in the direction of Baytul Maqdis, while the Ka`bah was between him and Baytul Maqdis. When the Messenger Sallallaahu Alaihi Wa Sallam migrated to Madeenah, he faced Baytul Maqdis for sixteen or seventeen months, and then Allah Ta’ala directed him to face the Ka`bah in salaah. This brought joy to him and his companions as it was a sort of connection for them with their homeland of Makkatul Mukarramaah and Musjidul Haraam

It is recorded that the first part of the Qur'aan that was abrogated was with regards to the Qiblah. When the Messenger of Allah Sallallaahu Alaihi Wa Sallam migrated to Madeenah, which was inhabited by the Jews, he was at first commanded to face Baytul Maqdis. The Jews were happy with this, and the Messenger of Allah Sallallaahu Alaihi Wa Sallam faced Baytul-Maqdis for some ten months. However his desire was to face the Qiblah of Ibrahim Alaihis Salaam(Al-Ka`bah at Makkah), and he used to look to the sky and make dua. So Allah revealed,

Verily, We have seen the turning of your (Muhammad's) face towards the heaven) until,

(turn your faces (in prayer) in that direction.” (Surah 2, verse:144).

The Jews were disturbed by this development and said, `What made them change the direction of the Qiblah that they used to face i.e. Baytul Maqdis. On this objection of the Jews Allah revealed,

Say (O Muhammad): "To Allah belong both, east and the west''. and,

"So wherever you turn (yourselves or your faces) there is the Countenance of Allah (and He is High above, over His Throne.''

However, it was said that Allah sent down this Ayah before the order to face the Ka`bah. Some scholars say that this Ayah was revealed to the Messenger of Allah permitting the one praying voluntary prayers to face wherever they wish in the east or west, while travelling, when in fear and when facing the enemy.'' Hadrat Abdullaah Bin Umar Radiyallaahu Anhu used to face whatever direction his animal was headed and proclaim that the Messenger of Allah did the same using the above ayah as proof of its permissibility.


 

 

 

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