VIRTUES OF SADAQAH (CHARITY)
At a time when poverty at varying levels is all around us the need for us to become more charitable is greater. However the charity we refer here to is not the obligatory charity (Zakaat) that every liable Muslim is obliged to give but the charity which is optional and better known as Sadaqaah or Lillaah which we give even though we don’t have to.
As a motivation we cite but a few of the virtues of spending for the pleasure of Allah Ta’ala gained from both Qur’aan and Ahadeeth.
IN THE QURAAN
“O you who believe! Spend of that with which We have provided for you, before a Day comes when there will be no bargaining, nor friendship, nor intercession. And it is the disbelievers who are the Zaalimoon (wrongdoers)”
“The likeness of those who spend their wealth in the way of Allah, is as the likeness of a grain (of corn); it grows seven ears, and each ear has a hundred grains. Allaah gives manifold increase to whom He wills. And Allah is All-Sufficient for His creatures’ needs, All-Knower. [Suratul Baqarah, verse:261]
Those who spend their wealth in the Cause of Allah, and do not follow up their gifts with reminders of their generosity or with injury, their reward is with their Lord. On them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve”[Suratul Baqarah, verse:262]
“O you who believe! Spend of the good things which you have (legally) earned, and of that which We have produced from the earth for you, and do not aim at that which is bad to spend from it, (though) you would not accept it save if you close your eyes and tolerate therein. And know that Allaah is Rich (Free of all needs), and Worthy of all praise”[Suratul Baqarah, verse:267]
“Believe in Allah and His Messenger (Muhammad), and spend of that whereof He has made you trustees. And such of you as believe and spend (in Allaah’s way), theirs will be a great reward” [Suratul Hadeed, verse:7]
It is narrated that Hadrat Abu Hurayrah Radiyallaahu Anhu said: The Messenger of Allah Sallallaahu Alaihi Wa Sallam said:
“Whoever gives charity equal to a date from good (halaal) earnings – for Allah Ta’ala does not accept anything but that which is good – Allah Ta’ala will take it in His right hand and tend it for the one who gave it, as any one of you tends his foal, until it becomes like a mountain.”(Bukhaari and Muslim).
It is narrated from Hadrat Abu Hurayrah Radiyallaahu Anhu that the Prophet Sallallaahu Alaihi Wa Sallam said:
“There is no day on which the people get up but two angels come down and one of them says, ‘O Allah, give in compensation to the one who spends (in charity),’ and the other says, ‘O Allah, destroy the one who withholds.’” (Bukhaari and Muslim)
It is narrated that Hadrat Abu Sa’eed al-Khudri Radiyallaahu Anhu said:
The Messenger of Allah Sallallaahu Alaihi Wa Sallam went out – on Eid al-Fitr or Eid al-Adha – to the prayer place, and when he had finished (the prayer) he preached to the people and enjoined them to give charity. He said, “O people, give in charity!” Then he went over to the women and said, “O women, give in charity for I have seen that you are the majority of the people of Hell.” When he went home, Zaynab the wife of Ibn Mas’ood came seeking permission to see him. It was said, “O Messenger of Allaah, here is Zaynab.” He said, “Which Zaynab?” It was said, “The wife of Ibn Mas’ood.” He said, “Yes, let her in.” So they let her in and she said, “O Prophet of Allah, today you enjoined charity, and I have some jewellery which I wanted to give in charity, but Ibn Mas’ood claims that he and his child have more right to receive it in charity.” The Prophet Sallallaahu Alaihi Wa Sallam said: “Give it in charity to Ibn Mas’ood, for your husband and your child have the most right that you should give it to them in charity.” (Bukhaari and Muslim)
It is narrated from Hadrat Abu Hurayrah Radiyallaahu Anhu that the Messenger of Allah Sallallaahu Alaihi Wa Sallam said:
“Allah said: ‘Spend, O son of Adam, and I shall spend on you.’” (Bukhaari and Muslim)