TAFSEER OF SURATUL BAQARAAH
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TAFSEER OF SURATUL BAQARAAH

VERSE: 119

“Verily, We have sent you (O Muhammad) with the truth (Islam), a bringer of glad tidings (for those who believe in what you brought, that they will enter Paradise) and a warner (for those who disbelieve in what you brought, that they will enter the Hellfire). And you will not be asked about the dwellers of the blazing Fire.”

In the above verse Allah Ta’ala addresses Nabi Sallallaahu Alaihi Wa Sallam informing him of his role of giving glad tidings of Jannah to those who believe and as a warner to those who disbelieve of Jahannum.

The verse ends with a consolation to Nabi Sallallaahu Alaihi Wa sallam that his responsibility is only to convey the message and nothing more.  He will not be held responsible in any way with regards to those who are admitted into Jahannum. This message is clearer in the following verses:

“Your duty is only to convey (the Message) and on Us is the reckoning.” (Surah 13, verse:40)

“So remind them (O Muhammad) ـ you are only one who reminds. You are not a dictator over them.” (Surah:88, verse:21-22) and,

“We know best what they say. And you (O Muhammad) are not the one to force them (to belief). But warn by the Qur'aan; him who fears My threat.” (Surah 50, verse:45)

The Description of the Prophet Sallallaahu Alaihi Wa Sallam in the Tawrah

   

 

Hadrat Ata' Bin Yasar Radiyallaahu Anhu once met Hadrat Abdullah bin `Amr bin Al-`As Radiyallaahu Anhu and asked him, "Tell me about the description of the Messenger of Allah in the Tawrah.'' He said, "Yes, by Allah, he is described by the Tawrah with the same characteristics that he is described with in the Qur'aan with: `O Prophet! We have sent you as a witness, a bringer of good news, a warner, and as safe refuge for the unlettered people. You are My servant and Messenger. I have called you the Mutawakkil (who depends and relies on Allah for each and everything). You are not harsh, nor hard, nor obnoxious in the bazaars. He does not reward the evil deed with an evil deed. Rather, he forgives and pardons. Allah will not bring his life to an end, until he straightens the wicked religion by his hands so that the people proclaim: There is no deity worthy of worship except Allah. By his hands, Allah will open blind eyes, deaf ears and sealed hearts.(Bukhaari)

VERSE: 120

 “Never will the Jews nor the Christians be pleased with you (O Muhammad) till you follow their religion. Say: "Verily, the guidance of Allah (i.e. Islamic Monotheism) that is the (only) guidance. And if you (O Muhammad) were to follow their (Jews and Christians) desires after what you have received of Knowledge (i.e. the Qur'Aan), then you would have against Allah neither any Wali (protector or guardian) nor any helper.”

 In the above verse Allah Ta’ala informs the Prophet Sallallaahu Alaihi Wa sallam that the Jews and the Christians will never be happy and satisfied with him until he conforms to their creed. The Prophet Sallallaahu Alaihi Wa Sallam is then advised by Allah Ta’ala to not seek that which pleases or appeases them, and stick to what pleases Allah Ta’ala by calling them to the truth that he has been sent with for there no other guidance except the guidance of Allah Ta’ala. And then Allah Ta’ala reminds the Prophet Sallallaahu Alaihi Wa Sallam that should he choose to follow them then Allah Ta’ala will withdraw all help to him.

This Ayah carries a stern warning for the Muslim Ummah against imitating the ways and methods of the Jews and Christians, after they have acquired knowledge of the Qur'aan and Sunnah, may Allah grant us refuge from this behaviour. Although the speech in this Ayah was directed at the Messenger Sallallaahu Alaihi Wa sallam, the message is for his entire Ummah.

VERSE: 121

“Those to whom we gave the Book recite it as it should be recited (Yatlunahu Haqqa Tilawatihi) they are the ones who believe therein. And whoso disbelieve in it, those are they who are the losers.”

The Meaning of Correct Tilawah

   

 

 

 

 

 

Some scholars are of the opinion that the above verse refers to the Jews and Christians. Others are of the opinion that the verse refers to the Ummah who have been given the Qur’aan. Elaborating on the verse they have written that correct Tilawah is regarding what the Qur’aan makes lawful as lawful, haram what it makes haram, reciting it as it was revealed by Allah by adhering to the laws of recitation, not changing the words from their places, and not interpreting it with other than its actual interpretation.

This verse should also serve as a warning to those who recite the Qur’aan hastily and speedily especially in Taraweeh Salaah in order to complete the Qur’aan in a few days.

Hadrat Umar Radiyallaahu Anhu commenting on the above verse has said, "They are those who when they recite an Ayah that mentions mercy, they ask Allah Ta’ala for it, and when they recite an Ayah that mentions torment, they seek refuge with Allah Ta’ala from it.'' This meaning was attributed to the Prophet Sallallaahu Alaihi Wa Sallam, for when he used to recite an Ayah of mercy, he invoked Allah Ta’ala for mercy, and when he recited an Ayah of torment, he sought refuge from it with Allah Ta’ala.

The last part of the verse says:

“They are the (true) believers in the book.”

This verse directly says that the measurement of our Imaan can be well gauged by our adherence and obedience to the Qur’aan.

When the ummah adheres to the Qur’aan then only Allah Ta’ala will fling open the doors of his mercy and blessings and drive away all difficulties and hardships like He did with those before who adhered to the divine scripture.

Allah Ta’ala reminds us of the fruits of this in the verse:

"And if only they had acted according to the Tawrah, the Injil, and what has (now) been sent down to them from their Lord (the Qur'an), they would surely, have gotten provision from above them and from underneath their feet.” (Surah 5, verse: 66)

At the end of the verse Allah Ta’ala proclaims that those who disbelieve or reject the book are nothing but disbelievers in it and with disbelief comes loss.

It must be borne in mind that not obeying the Qur’aan and its laws also constitutes disbelief.

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