SUNNAHS OF THE DAY OF EID
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SUNNAHS OF THE DAY OF EID

Ghusl (taking a bath)

Of the etiquette of Eid is to take a bath before going out for the Eid Salaah. Hadrat Abdullaah Bin Umar Radiyallaahu Anhu used to take a bath on the day of Eidul-Fitr before coming to the eidgah. (al-Muwatta)

It is reported that Hadrat Sa’eed Bin Jubayr Radiyallaahu Anhu said: “Three things are sunnah on Eid: to walk to the eidgah, to take a bath and to eat before coming out.”

 Scholars are unanimous that it is mustahabb to take a bath before the Eid Salaah.

 Eating before coming out

One should not come out to the eidgah on the day of Eidul-Fitr before eating some dates, because of the hadeeth from Hadrat Anas Bin Maalik Radiyallaahu Anhu who said: “The Messenger of Allah Sallallaahu Alaihi Wa Sallam would not go out on the morning of Eidul-Fitr until he had eaten some dates… and he would eat an odd number.” (Bukhaari)

It is mustahab(Preferable) to eat before coming for the Eidul Fitr salaah. The reason behind this is to show that we are not allowed to fast on this day. Scholars have explained that this is to prevent people extending the fast and it also means obeying the commandment of Allah Ta’ala not to fast on this day. If a person does not have any dates, he can eat anything permissible for breakfast. On Eidul-Adhaa, on the other hand, it is mustahab not to eat until after the Eid Salaah, when one should eat from the meat of one’s sacrifice.

Takbeer on the day of Eid

This is one of the greatest sunnahs of this day. because of the instruction of Allah Ta’ala in the Qur’aan:

 “He (Allah Ta’ala) wants that you must complete the same number (of days), and that you must magnify Allah (say Takbeer – ‘Allaahu akbar’) for having guided you so that you may be grateful to Him.” [Suratul Baqaraah, verse:185]

The Takbeer is as follows:

Allaahu akbar Allaahu Akbar, Laa ilaa haa illal laahu wal laahu akbar. Allaahu Akbar wa lillahil Hamd.”

It is reported that when Hadrat Abdullaah Bin Umar Radiyallaahu Anhu came out on Eidul-Fitr and Eidul-Adhaa, he would strive hard in making Takbeer until he reached the eidgah, then he would continue making Takbeer until the Imaam came.

The practice of making Takbeer from home to the eidgah, and until the Imaam comes in, was well-known among the pious predecessors and was reported by a number of scholars.

 

Congratulating one another

People may exchange congratulations and good greetings on Eid, no matter what form the words take. For example they may say to one another, “Taqabbal Allaahu minnaa wa minkum (May Allah accept [the fast and worship] from us and from you” or “Eid mubaarak” and other similar permissible greetings.

Hadrat Jubayr Bin Nufayr Radiyallaahu Anhu said: “In the time of the Prophet  Sallallaahu Alaihi Wa Sallam, when people met one another on the day of Eid, they would say, ‘Taqabbal Allaahu minnaa wa minka (May Allaah accept from us and from you).’” (Ibn Hajar)

The practice of exchanging greetings was well-known at the time of the Sahaabah Ridwaanul Laahi Alaihim Ajmaeen and scholars such as Imaam Ahmad and others allowed it. There are reports which indicate that it is permissible to congratulate people on special occasions. The Sahaabah Ridwaanul Laahi Alaihim Ajmaeen used to congratulate one another when something good happened, such as when Allah Ta’ala accepted a person’s repentance and so on.

There is no doubt that congratulating others in this way is one of the noblest kinds of good manners and one of the highest social qualities among Muslims. However when doing this the limits of Shariah concerning mahram and ghair mahram must be borne in mind. The shaking of hands and embracing should only take place with members of the opposite gender who are mahram.

Looking one’s best for Eid

Hadrat Abdullaah Bin Umar Radiyallaahu Anhu said: “ Hadrat Umar Radiyallaahu Anhu picked up a jubbah (long outer garment) made of silk that was for sale in the market, brought it to the Messenger of Allah  Sallallaahu Alaihi Wa Sallam and said, “O Messenger of Allah , buy this and wear it for Eid and when the delegations come.” The Messenger of Allah  said, “This is the clothing of the one who has no share of the Hereafter…” (Bukhaari).

NOTE: The Prophet Sallallaahu Alaihi Wa Sallam approved of  Hadrat Umar Radiyallaahu Anhu’s idea of looking one’s best, but he rejected and denounced the idea of buying this jubbah because it was made of silk.

Hadrat Jaabir Radiyallaahu Anhu said: “The Prophet  Sallallaahu Alaihi Wa Sallam had a jubbah that he would wear on Eid and on Fridays.” ( Ibn Khuzaymah,).

Thus it is a sunnah of the day of Eid to wear ones best clothes. However it must be borne in mind that best does not mean new. In these tough economic times many people still go out and incur further debt by buying new clothing for the day of Eid. This is wrong and tantamount to Zulm on one’s self.

To go out one by one route and come back by another

 Hadrat Jaabir Bin Abdullaah Radiyallaahu Anhu reported that the Prophet Sallallaahu Alaihi Wa Sallam used to vary his routes on the day of Eid. (Bukhaari)

It was also reported that he used to go out walking, and he prayed without any adhaan or iqaamah, then he would come back walking by a different route. It was said that this was so that the two different routes would testify in his favour on the Day of Resurrection, because on that Day the earth will speak about everything that was done on it, good and evil. It was also said that this was done in order to demonstrate the symbols and rituals of Islam along both routes; to pronounce the remembrance of Allah Ta’ala; to annoy the hypocrites and Jews and to scare them by the number of people who were with him; to meet the people’s needs by giving fatwas, teaching them and setting an example for them to follow; to give charity to those in need; or to visit his relatives and uphold the ties of kinship.

Warning against wrongdoing

Somehow on the day of Eid many a muslim feels it ‘normal’ to break the commands of Allah Ta’ala. This day is a day of celebration which has been gifted to us by Allah Ta’ala. Can it be right to enjoy this gift whilst being disobedient to the One Who has gifted us this beautiful day? On the day of Eid the mingling of men and women is a common practice. It is a pity that this happens not only in mosques but even in the most sacred of places, al-Masjid al-Haraam [in Makkah]. Many women go out ill-clad, wearing make-up and perfume, flaunting their adornment. The dangers of this behaviour needs no elaboration and are quite obvious.  

Some people celebrate Eid because Ramadaan is over and they no longer have to fast. This is a misconception, the believers celebrate Eid because Allah Ta’ala has helped them to complete the month of fasting, not because the fasting, which some people regard as a heavy burden, is over.

We ask Allah Ta’ala to accept all our Ibaadah in the month of Ramadaan and forgive us for our shortcomings and not adequately fulfilling the every right of Ramadaan, Aameen.

 


 

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